Regular checkups and 4 Vital signs to look out for

Regular checkups can help find potential health issues before they become a problem.

A medical check is a comprehensive or thorough medical examination. When you see your doctor regularly, they are able to detect health conditions or diseases early. Early detection of illness gives you the best chance of getting the right treatment quickly, avoiding any complications. By getting the correct health services, screenings and treatment, you are taking important steps towards living a longer and healthier life.

For many, the thought of a large medical bill is enough to put off scheduling a checkup. However, there are several ways that you can find great savings on health care. Checkups could also save you money in the end as they help to minimize the risk of potential health issues that will lower the risk for surgery or more extensive medical care in the future.

Our health is our greatest treasure. Taking care of our health is utmost important. However, in our daily lives, we keep on looking for excuses not to visit our doctor. Be it for saving money or other reasons, we keep ignoring our health. We do not understand the fact that performing regular health checkups from a young age can actually save many lives. Saving money today by ignoring periodic checkups increases the risk of occurrence of several health issues in future. To improve the quality of life and enjoy good health throughout your life, you need to go for regular checkups. The right health check taken on time can help

You increase the chances of a longer and healthier life. Your health age, lifestyle choices and family history along with other crucial factors can influence the type and frequency of medical checkup.

For men, in addition to checking weight, high blood pressure and other basics, the following tests are also vital

  • Starting at age 50 or younger if you have a family history, a rectal exam to check for abnormal bumps in the prostate and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test to screen for prostate cancer.
  • Between the ages of 65 and 75, if you have ever smoked a cigarette, an abdominal exam to check for an enlargement in your aortic aneurysm, a weakness in the lining of the aorta (a large blood vessel in your chest and abdomen) can develop with age and become a life-threatening problem.

For women, in addition to checking weight, high blood pressure and other basics, your doctor’s visit may specifically include:

  • A test for cervical cancer called a pap smear
  • A clinical breast exam to check for any unusual lumps or bumps in your breast
  • Starting at age 40 (or younger if you have a strong family history of breast cancer)
  • Starting at age 65, a referral for bone density test to screen for osteoporosis, the disease that causes brittle, fragile bone and typically affects older women. Women with more than one risk factor for osteoporosis may start earlier.

So what are the vital signs that you should be monitoring?

  1. Monitor Your Pulse Rate 

Your pulse rate or heart rate is the number of times that your heart beats in one minute.

A normal healthy pulse rate for adults ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. It can be very useful to track your heart problem. Pulse rate varies among different people. A more physically fit person is going to have a good pulse rate that is slower, as their heart works more efficiently.

Other factors such as medication, body size, temperature, emotions and body position can also manipulate your beats per minute. Knowing your regular pulse rate can be critical in gauging your heart’s health. A consistently irregular heart rate that is too low or high can indicate that there may be an underlying problem. Too high of a rate can mean that your medication dosage is off or can even be a predictor of a heart attack. Adversely, a slow pulse rate may lead to dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain and even passing out.

  1. Checking Blood Pressure 

High blood pressure can be extremely dangerous; the worst part is it has no symptoms. Your blood pressure must be measured to detect signs of hypertension.

Hypertension is another word for high blood pressure. This puts extra strain on your arteries and your heart and if prolonged will strain and weaken your arteries. This makes them thick and inflexible making it more likely to be clogged. Several clogs are referred to as clots and may lead to strokes, Heart attacks, kidney disease or even dementia. Since this can go undetected, it is imperative to measure Blood pressure consistently

  1. Blood Glucose Testing 

Type 2 diabetes is one of the biggest risk factors for heart disease, but having diabetes may also increase your risk for depression and eating disorders. As part of your routine checkup, your doctor may order a urine and or blood test to test levels of sugar in your blood or pee to screen for type 2 diabetes or borderline pre-diabetes.  Blood glucose testing needs to be done more frequently if your level puts you in the pre-diabetes category. The good news is that you can take control of your blood sugar and get screened for abnormal levels can help make the changes that help postpone diabetes from progressing.

  1. HIV/AIDS Testing 

The sooner you get tested, the better chance you have to access treatments and information to help you manage the condition and delay the onset of AIDS should you test positive for HIV. The earlier you get effective treatment, the easier it is to keep your immune system healthy. Your doctor can monitor your immune system and help you avoid opportunistic diseases or manage these when they occur.

You may not be in a position to afford antiretroviral medications and other treatments, However, there are additional ways of ensuring that you stay as healthy as possible, such as learning about how to follow a lifestyle with good nutrition.

Other vital medical checkup includes but are not limited to

  1. Family history
  2. Body mass index (BMI)
  3. Physical exam
  4. Preventive screening
  5. Counseling
  6. Colorectal cancer screening
  7. Skin
  8. Breast (women)
  9. Cervical (women)
  10. Testicular and prostate (men)
  11. Eyesight
  12. Hearing if symptoms arise
  13. Cholesterol Level
  14. General fitness evaluation
  15. Immunization schedules

Importance and advantages of regular checkups include but are not limited to

  • Reduce your risk of getting sick
  • Detect potentially life-threatening health conditions or diseases early
  • Limit risk of complications by closely monitoring existing conditions
  • Increase lifespan and improve health
  • Reduce health care cost over time by avoiding costly medical services
  • Form a good partnership with the doctor so treatment can be more efficient
  • Get updated on new medical information of technologies that are available

In conclusion

Exercise and avoiding damaging substances such as cigarettes and alcohol.

Finding out your HIV status as early as possible gives you time if you are infected to make plans for yourself and your dependents to be looked after when you do get sick.

You can lower your chances of developing health issues in the future by maintaining a healthy diet; exercising regularly; having a good oral health and booking regular medical, dental and eye checks.



Arrive Alive Diagnostics & Imaging Services (AADIS) is a wholly owned indigenous company with a vision to be the foremost in quality healthcare delivery to the people of Nigeria in a timely and affordable manner


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